Beira hosts the second largest port in Mozambique with a total of 12 berths stretching over 1,994 metres. It is located at the mouth of the Pungue River (Latitude: 19°50’S, Longitude:34°50’E), 20 km from the open sea. Apart from serving the import and export needs for the central region of Mozambique, its prime location makes it a major transit gateway to hinterland countries, including Zimbabwe, Malawi, Zambia and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
The port is linked by road and rail to Zimbabwe via Mutare (319km) and by road to Malawi via Mwansa/Dzedza (685km). With the rehabilitation of the Sena railway line, connecting Beira Port to the Moatize coalfield (potential link to Southern Malawi via Mutarara) and the recovery of the Zimbabwean economy, cargo throughput is expected to increase sharply in the coming years.
Cornelder de Moçambique – CdM (a joint venture between Cornelder Holding of Rotterdam (67%) and Caminhos de Ferro de Moçambique – CFM (33%)), manages Beira port and has been swift to prepare itself for increased traffic by dredging the access channel and port basin to a minimum depth of 8 metres. An extensive two year dredging programme was completed at the end of July 2011, by the Dutch specialist dredging concern, Van Oord. This will now permit the entrance of Supramax sized vessels (40,000 dwt). Further expansion plans of its container terminal, general cargo terminal and a new coal terminal are also in the pipeline.
The Port of Beira operates 24 hours/day, 365 days a year (GMT/UTC + 2 hours)
Main features including water area
Access to the port is obtained via the dredged Macuti Channel. The port is tidal with a MH spring range of 6.2m to 7.4m. Vessels waiting for berthing instructions must anchor east of the outer channel. The approach to the River Pungue is obstructed by numerous banks and shoals, which are constantly moving. From the east end of the Macuti Channel (Buoy), the channel is marked by light buoys up to the river’s entrance. Access is made through the 135m-wide dredged Macuti Channel, with an actual minimum depth of 5m (8m ) below the chart datum in the Macuti curve.
Vessels with a draught of 4.5m (7.5m) or less may enter the port at any state of the tide. Those drawing more than 4.5m (7.5m) are required to wait for a suitable height of tide before entry. Maximum vessel size is 200m LOA and up to 8.0m (11m) draft at high water. Night navigation is restricted to vessels up to 140m LOA and/or 7.0m (10m) draft in line with the pilotage rules relating to tidal currents, weather and lighting conditions of the buoys.
• Tidal height at MHWS = 6.4m (9.4m)
• MHWN = 4.3m (7.3m)
• MLWN = 2.7m (5.7m)
• MLWS = 0.8m (3.8m)
In the wet season with a high river, the ebb stream can attain a rate of up to 6 knots at springs and
2 – 3 knots at neaps.
Beira Port: Depth alongside Berths
Port Cargo Handling Equipment:
• Ship to Shore Gantry cranes available with 50 tons under hook lifting capacity each;
• Rail Mounted Gantry crane available with 50 tons for loading and off loading of wagons;
• Reachstackers – 45 tons;
• Kalmar Forklifts – 16 – 45 tons;
• Terminal tractors with 60 tons capacity and four wheel drive;
• Payloaders for multiuse;
• Shunting tractors;
• Mobile cranes – 25 tons;
• Normal trailers and skeletons;
• Bagging units (for grain and fertiliz er);
• Grabs (for general cargo);
• Emergency generator – 1600 KVA;
2 ship to shore gantry cranes available with 50 tonnes under hook lifting capacity each;
1 rail mounted gantry crane available with 50 tonnes for loading and off loading of wagons;
2 mobile cranes – 35 and 45 tonnes
14 reach stackers – 45 tonnes
4 empty container handlers – 7-10 tonnes
3 large forklifts – 32-45 tonnes
14 small forklifts – 3-10 tonnes
1 timber loader – 12 tonnes
4 grain bagging units – 325 metric tonnes/weather working days
2 fertilizer bagging units – 325 metric tonnes/weather working days
35 terminal tractors – 60 tonnes
1 weighbridge (28 metres long)
1 emergency generator – 1600KVA
• The CdM area is secured with an electric fencing system all around.
• Strict control of personnel, visitors and cargo is done by a private and professional security company.
• Main gate (the only gate in and out of the port premises) with electronic data access, customs, immigration and health.
Multi-purpose container terminal
The container terminal covers 645 meters berth length. Terminal design capacity is 1400.000 TEU’s per annum. The terminal offers:
• 200320.000 m² well illuminated container yard accommodating 3,1175,400 TEUs;
• 144 electrical reefer points;
• Dedicated IMDG dangerous goods storage area;
• 8,400 m² secure bonded transit warehouse for stuffing and stripping containers;
• 3650 m² covered storage area;
• Dedicated granite storage area.
General Cargo Terminal
The General Cargo Terminal covers 670 meters berth length with design capacity of 2.3 million tonnes per annum. The terminal offers:
• Five covered warehouses with a total of 15,000 m²;
• 12000 m² paved open space for ferrochrome, granite, steel and other break bulk cargoes;
• 175,000 m² storage extension area available (see expansion plans);
• Rail siding facilities are available at all warehouses
In 2010 the new Beira Grain Terminal was inaugurated. The US$10 million investment offers 30,000 tonnes of silo capacity. With vessel discharging rates of 4,000 tonnes a day and loading facilities for both truck and rail, the terminal aims to surpass peak historical grain movements of 500,000 tonnes per annum. Approximately 25% of grain traffic is set for domestic consumption and 75% for the Malawian and Zambian milling industry.
Edible Oil Terminal
Beira Bulk Services LDAda run the 22,000 cubic metre storage facility made up of 29 tanks ranging from 45 to 1,750 tonnes capacity (of which 23 are heated). Most of the 40,000 tonnes Beira Bulk Services Lda handled in 2010 transits Beira to Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
The coal terminal (TCC8) at Beira port is located at berth 8. The terminal is used for the exports of coking coal, whilst thermal coal is currently being exported through the general cargo berths. It is currently being rehabilitated and will be This rehabilitated facility, which was concluded by the second quarter of 2012 to handle up to 7 6 million tonnes per annum. The $50-$60 million dollar investment comprises of an upgraded inged the stockpile area, installing new stackers/reclaimers, running a new conveyer belt system from stockpile to berth, installing two mobile fingertip loaders and a refurbished ing the quayside. The investment has been financed by Vale and Rio Tinto who will be are the sole users of the terminal. The stockpile will hasve a capacity of 280,000 tonnes.
Vale further has chartered Ttwo purpose built, transferring vessels, whichill continuously load from this facility to tranship coal cargoes at the Beira outer anchorage, where there are no influences or limitations from draft and tide.
Operated by CFM, the largest oil terminal in Mozambique handled 1.3 million tonnes of petroleum in 2010 and expects volume growth of 5% a year. Apart from imports for domestic consumption, a dedicated pipeline pumps export petroleum from Beira Port to Zimbabwe.
Port Development Projects
The Port Authorities are in process of investigating and planning of a Bulk Handling Facility which will be available to various commodities to be allocated to multi-users. Storage slots are planned to be laid out which will be made available to users on the terminal’s discretion. Various aspects of this facility are still under investigation i.e. handling of the logistics between the stockpile area and the vessels on the general cargo berths, however this will be an important addition to the current facilities on offer in the port.
The port authorities have reserved an area of 11 hectares adjacent to the current container terminal to accommodate an additional storage space for 5,900TEUs. To achieve the long-term aim of 400,000TEUs per annum, the CdM will be investing in 2 additional gantry cranes and new handling equipment. A separate entry gate to the expanded container terminal will avoid congestion with traffic into the general cargo terminal.
For the general cargo terminal there are also severe expansion plans. It is expected that the Port of Beira will handle 20,000TEUs of tobacco originating from growers in Mozambique, Malawi and Zimbabwe in the coming years. A 6,200sqm tobacco storage facility was commissioned early 2011 to satisfy this growing export demand and will require an investment of approximately US$3 million.
Beira is also Mozambique’s biggest gateway for fertilizers destined to the domestic, Malawian, Zimbabwean and Zambian market. More than 480,000 tonnes of fertilizer was imported in 2010. The new proposed terminal will accommodate increasing throughput and free up space along the quayside where packaging operations are currently carried out.
Furthermore, an area of 40 hectares has been earmarked for the new 20 million tonnes per annum coal terminal located upriver from Beira port.
If you have any questions or requests use the contact form below. We will do our best to respond within 24 hours.